安装常用工具包-LINUX

全部操作都在root用户下执行

安装编译相关工具

yum -y groupinstall “Development tools”
yum -y install zlib-devel bzip2-devel openssl-devel ncurses-devel sqlite-devel readline-devel tk-devel gdbm-devel db4-devel libpcap-devel xz-devel
yum install libffi-devel -y
2.下载安装包解压
wget https://www.python.org/ftp/python/3.7.0/Python-3.7.0.tar.xz
tar -xvJf Python-3.7.0.tar.xz
3.编译安装
mkdir /usr/local/python3 #创建编译安装目录
cd Python-3.7.0
./configure –prefix=/usr/local/python3
make && make install
4.创建软连接
ln -s /usr/local/python3/bin/python3 /usr/local/bin/python3
ln -s /usr/local/python3/bin/pip3 /usr/local/bin/pip3
5.验证是否成功
python3 -V
pip3 -V

添加Nginx的源

rpm -Uvh http://nginx.org/packages/centos/7/noarch/RPMS/nginx-release-centos-7-0.el7.ngx.noarch.rpm

安装Nginx

yum install -y nginx
安装成功后,配置文件目录为/etc/nginx

启动Nginx

systemctl start nginx.service #启动Nginx
systemctl enable nginx.service #设置开机自启

yum安装redis

yum install -y epel-release
yum install -y redis

启动redis

service redis start #启动redis
service redis status #查看redis状态


ps -ef | grep redis #查看redis进程
service redis stop #停止redis

设置开机自启

chkconfig redis on

修改redis配置

vim /etc/redis.conf
修改如下内容:

port 6379 #启动端口
requirepass 111111 #访问密码
重启redis

service redis restart
登录redis
注: 127.0.0.1:6379>为redis数据库前缀

redis-cli #登录redis
127.0.0.1:6379> auth 111111 #认证登录
127.0.0.1:6379> keys * #查看当前的key

下载安装mysql yum 源

wget -i -c http://dev.mysql.com/get/mysql57-community-release-el7-10.noarch.rpm
yum install -y mysql57-community-release-el7-10.noarch.rpm
安装mysql并启动
yum install -y mysql-community-server #安装mysql
systemctl start mysqld.service #启动
systemctl status mysqld.service #查看运行状态
登录mysql
grep “password” /var/log/mysqld.log #查看mysql生成的密码
mysql -uroot -p #以root用户登录mysql
修改root密码
注: mysql> 为提示符;新密码需符合:包含字母大小写、特殊符和数字,且位数大于4

mysql> ALTER USER ‘root’@’localhost’ IDENTIFIED BY ‘new password’;
授权root用户远程访问
mysql> use mysql;
mysql> grant all privileges on . to root@’%’ identified by “password”;
mysql> flush privileges;

下载sqlite安装包

cd /opt
wget http://www.sqlite.org/2015/sqlite-autoconf-3081101.tar.gz #下载安装包
tar zxvf sqlite-autoconf-3081101.tar.gz #进行解压
3.编译安装
cd sqlite-autoconf-3081101/
./configure
make && make install
yum install sqlite-devel
4.链接sqlite3
cd #回到用户目录
sqlite3 #链接sqlite3

5.退出sqlite3
sqlite3链接成功后,执行如下:

sqlite> .quit #退出sqlite3